They are equating fundamentalism with Islam; and the policies of Indian rulers with secularism, and the appeasement of mullahs as being synonymous with secular policies. In that sense, the govt. The prosperous classes in rural India have also actively promoted the VHP and other communal forces. IAS Exam : Fourth Industrial Revolution: Impact and Implication Apr 18, Fourth Industrial Revolution: what it is, how to respond, has three things about the ongoing transformation and advancement mark it out as a new phase rather than a prolongation of the current revolution Scope, Velocity and Systems impact.
The burgeoning neo-middle classes have emerged as pivotal points that embraced consumerism as modernity but simultaneously began looking towards culture and tradition for support. They try to lure these classes into their fold through religion and liberal use of money and muscle power. No democratic society can downgrade diversity and pluralism in the name of unity. Agriculture is also a very important topic for the IAS Exam. In the post Independent scenario the social dynamics was very complex. The mighty Ganga is no exception.
See the old question papers and try to make an outline of each and every Essay asked so far.
This strength of the Hindu religion is now viewed as a weakness.
Its Easier to criticize a non working things than to fix it. It's all about culture, religion and ritual, all cleverly juxtaposed with nationalism: what is Hindu is Indian and from that follows, what is not Hindu is not Indian. Under Jawaharlal Nehru and later under his successors in the Congress Party, the concept of a secular nation-state was officially adopted as India's path to political modernity and national integration. The founding fathers represented the aspirations of the different sections of society and it is due to the struggles of these different people that secular principles got enshrined into the Indian constitution. This kind of padding goes on until time is up.
IAS Preparation changes the life of the candidates his perspective and the outlook towards life. There is a new, muscular nationalism, one that holds up the nuclear bomb as a sign of strength and wants to keep neighbours and internal minorities in their place, and which derives its strength from invented mythology; and has taken over the polity.
Secularism in the Indian context should imply respect for pluralism and a non-coercive and a voluntary recourse to change. Or even the rape of some sisters in Gujarat, their fault being the spreading of the word of their God. That is everybody's personal concern!! Each year Monsoon and its predictions are done and strategies are suggested to mitigate the drought in India. A new disturbing trend has been witnessed in recent years where villages are no longer tranquil as urban-rural interactions have become much more intense. Even at this stage, though constitution was secular, the state apparatus: the bureaucracy, the judiciary, the army and the police were infiltrated by communal elements.
There should be no feeling of "otherness" as we all have is a shared history. The communal forces are actively propagating the myth that Secularism is a new mask of fundamentalism. In a country with over million Muslims and million of Christians, to say nothing of hundreds of other castes and communities, this can have very dangerous consequences. This marks the first time when the state has emerged as a major player and actor in violence by mobs, a qualitative change from previous such situations in India. Donot pick up the subject where your idea or thought content is very low. The Congress government, though predominantly secular, had many leaders in important positions who were influenced by a Hindu communal ideology.
Under Jawaharlal Nehru and later under his successors in the Congress Party, the concept of a secular nation-state was officially adopted as India's path to political modernity and national integration. Secularism became the mantra of the Indian nation, a nation exhausted by partition and sectarian riots and above all the assassination of Gandhiji, did not want any more divisive talk. Is India a secular country only on paper or does secularism actually exist in India; or is in the form of pseudo- secularism, a term the BJP and its allies seem to repeatedly harp on. The advent of globalization has been welcomed in India but it has also shaken people who fear that their own cultures will be destroyed.