It includes the research question posed, its significance, the methodology, and the main results or findings. Footnotes or cited works are never listed in an abstract. Remember to take great care in composing the abstract. It's the first part of the paper the instructor reads.
It must impress with a strong content, good style, and general aesthetic appeal. Never write it hastily or carelessly.
Introduction and Statement of the Problem A good introduction states the main research problem and thesis argument. What precisely are you studying and why is it important?
How original is it? Will it fill a gap in other studies? Never provide a lengthy justification for your topic before it has been explicitly stated. Limitations of Study Indicate as soon as possible what you intend to do, and what you are not going to attempt. You may limit the scope of your paper by any number of factors, for example, time, personnel, gender, age, geographic location, nationality, and so on. Methodology Discuss your research methodology.
On the other hand, qualitative research should have more thorough discussion of the issue in the results. The reason for this is that the writer needs to evaluate the calculations and make follow-ups. The discussion Explanation of the results of the research as well as personal thoughts is represented in this part.
The key here is to address every point separately and give clear information about the problem. Also the writer should remember that the points must be directly connected to the main idea of the paper in order to be successful.
The conclusion Final part refers to the findings of the paper and builds up conclusions about the thesis statement. The size of the part depends on the length of the main part but usually consists of several paragraphs.
Some people think that the conclusion is the main part of research paper because it reveals the importance of the research as well as recommends new ways of resolving the problem or issue. Moreover, include the accurate and reliable information only. Parts of a Research Paper Title In fact, this is the most vital part of research paper. While deciding on the title for your research, you must keep in mind that it should indicate the main focus of your research.
It must also contain the most important and relevant keywords the search terms from your paper. It let the user find your paper in the search results when searching for the related database. There are two ways of writing titles for your paper. The first one is the descriptive way, which basically states the main focus of your research. The second way is the conclusive way, which portrays the conclusion from paper. The first listed way of writing the title i. Approximately your title must comprise of 5 to 10 words.
Abstract This is the section of the research paper that comes after the title. The purpose of this section is to provide the user with the brief summary of your paper.
This section has equal importance as the title of the research paper. Often, after reading the research paper title, the reader may switch to its abstract to recognize if this paper is of his interest or not. Basically, abstract determine the findings of the author and this is the main plot where the reader decides if he needs to continue reading this paper or not.
Keeping all these things in mind, the best recommendation for you is to write the abstract in such a way it looks like a mini-research paper. The reason is that it could provide the reader with all the information about his interest to continue reading. Basic Introduction — Write a few introductory lines in the abstract to let the reader know a few background details and the investigated problem as well.
Major results — Try to mention all the major results of your paper in this section. If possible, try your level best to proffer reader the results in form of quantitative information. Discussion — Choose to write a few lines discussing your own author interpretation of the presented results. Final summary — The last but not the least thing to mention is a brief and a final summary in this abstract portion.
This is considered the most crucial abstract part and researchers are going to read this portion to realize if it is important enough for them to read it further or not.
You must try your level best only to state the observations of your findings. The turntable was rotated 90 degrees by hand. For instance, for a point, there must not be 6 references for it.
Each and every part of your paper must be written in simple words so that every reader could easily understand. Literature Review It is the critical as well as the detailed section of the research paper that includes the in-depth evaluation of previous researches. The reference list This is where the sources of the information are documented. Seedlings or mature plants?
The size of the part depends on the length of the main part but usually consists of several paragraphs. It allows the reader to understand the reason why you took this particular research project and a good research paper must entail all the details behind why you took this question for research.
A related sequence of actions can be combined into one sentence to improve clarity and readability: Problematic Example: This is a very long and wordy description of a common, simple procedure. In case when you are writing a survey, be sure to include questionnaire in the appendix of your paper.
Important negative results should be reported, too. Please note, a positive correlation does not mean one thing causes another. For instance, for a point, there must not be 6 references for it.
These studies are often used as the basis for specific experimental studies. The second function is that you must allow the reader to replicate the study if they desire to do so. But make sure all of the contributors have allowed you to add their name in this regard.
The guide Writing a Literature Review will be helpful here. If there are different procedures to describe, you can make separate heading for each to make it readable. Avoid repeatedly using a single sentence to relate a single action; this results in very lengthy, wordy passages. Always make sure to describe any modifications you have made of a standard or published method. The methods differ depending on the experiment or nature of study. Authors usually write the text of the results section based upon the sequence of Tables and Figures.