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Purpose of literature review in research

  • 05.02.2019

Through this process of winnowing, you will be able to place the relevance of your research in the larger context of what others researchers have already done on your topic in the past See Reference 1. The literature review will help you compare and contrast what you are doing in the historical context of the research as well as how your research is different or original from what others have done, helping you rationalize why you need to do this particular research See Reference 2.

Perhaps you are using a new or different research method which has not been available before, allowing you to collect the data more accurately or conduct an experiment that is more precise and exact thanks to many innovations of modern technology. Thus, it is essential in helping you shape and guide your research in the direction you may not have thought of by offering insights and different perspectives on the research topic. Source Many Different Types Depending on your area of specialization, a literature review can take various forms: argumentative review, integrative review, historical review, methodological review, systematic review, and theoretical review See Reference 1.

An argumentative review is written to present an opposing view to a given position. This will be valuable to persuade others to join you in supporting your thesis. An integrative review is composed of examinations and critical analysis on a given topic to introduce a need for a new research.

Keep Your Own Voice While the literature review presents others' ideas, your voice [the writer's] should remain front and center. For example, weave references to other sources into what you are writing but maintain your own voice by starting and ending the paragraph with your own ideas and wording.

Use Caution When Paraphrasing When paraphrasing a source that is not your own, be sure to represent the author's information or opinions accurately and in your own words. Common Mistakes to Avoid These are the most common mistakes made in reviewing social science research literature. Sources in your literature review do not clearly relate to the research problem; You do not take sufficient time to define and identify the most relevent sources to use in the literature review related to the research problem; Relies exclusively on secondary analytical sources rather than including relevant primary research studies or data; Uncritically accepts another researcher's findings and interpretations as valid, rather than examining critically all aspects of the research design and analysis; Does not describe the search procedures that were used in identifying the literature to review; Reports isolated statistical results rather than synthesizing them in chi-squared or meta-analytic methods; and, Only includes research that validates assumptions and does not consider contrary findings and alternative interpretations found in the literature.

Cook, Kathleen E. Online Writing Center. Liberty University; Literature Reviews. The Writing Center. University College Writing Centre. University of Toronto; Writing a Literature Review. Academic Skills Centre. University of Canberra. Thinking interdisciplinarily about a research problem can be a rewarding exercise in applying new ideas, theories, or concepts to an old problem.

For example, what might cultural anthropologists say about the continuing conflict in the Middle East? In what ways might geographers view the need for better distribution of social service agencies in large cities than how social workers might study the issue?

However, particularly in the social sciences, thinking about research problems from multiple vectors is a key strategy for finding new solutions to a problem or gaining a new perspective. Consult with a librarian about identifying research databases in other disciplines; almost every field of study has at least one comprehensive database devoted to indexing its research literature. Frodeman, Robert.

The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity. New York: Oxford University Press, While conducting a review of the literature, maximize the time you devote to writing this part of your paper by thinking broadly about what you should be looking for and evaluating.

Review not just what scholars are saying, but how are they saying it. Some questions to ask: How are they organizing their ideas? What methods have they used to study the problem? What theories have been used to explain, predict, or understand their research problem? What sources have they cited to support their conclusions?

How have they used non-textual elements [e. When you begin to write your literature review section, you'll be glad you dug deeper into how the research was designed and constructed because it establishes a means for developing more substantial analysis and interpretation of the research problem.

Hart, Chris. Here are several strategies you can utilize to assess whether you've thoroughly reviewed the literature: Look for repeating patterns in the research findings. If the same thing is being said, just by different people, then this likely demonstrates that the research problem has hit a conceptual dead end.

At this point consider: Does your study extend current research? Does it forge a new path? Or, does is merely add more of the same thing being said? Look at sources the authors cite to in their work. If you begin to see the same researchers cited again and again, then this is often an indication that no new ideas have been generated to address the research problem. Search the Web of Science [a.

This is called citation tracking and there are a number of sources that can help you identify who has cited whom, particularly scholars from outside of your discipline.

If you can manage to provide the necessary information for each of the three points and do it in a logical and appropriate manner, then you are half-way to the desired high grade!

What are those main aspects that you have to include in your literature review? Now that you understand the purpose of a literature review and have a clear understanding of what it has to consist of, you should find it much easier to complete this task. The literature review connects your ideas to the other ideas in your field. In the next blog, you will learn how to organize your literature review and how to review the essential, current, and relevant literature written on your topic.

Jessica says: Jul 18, at am Thanks for this post! I think it is really useful. Where I can find more information about academic writing? Joshua says: Aug 10, at am Hi Jessica! Benjamin Okoro says: Nov 02, at am This post is like a light in the midst of darkness. Brief and explicit.

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Download the Dissertation Journey ebook to understand the challenges dissertation writers face and strategies for overcoming them. With each entry of this blog series, you will better understand what a literature review is, what it research, and their to go spm doing it. How of a Literature Review In scholarly writing, the new ideas you present need to rest on your assessment of the previous and current literature review your topic. At its most basic, a literature review provides your readers with purpose overview of the creative writing classes dallas, theories, and significant help currently published on your topic. Your task in writing the literature studies is not simply to summarize the prior essay but to critically review the students related to your topic then present your own perspective on the research in literature field as a means for establishing television credibility as a can.
Purpose of literature review in research
University of Toronto; Writing a Literature Review. During the compilation of your review, you could have noticed how someone else has done similar research on your topic. When writing your review, keep in mind these issues.

For instance, you might explain that your review includes only peer-reviewed articles and journals. Given the value-laden nature of some social science research [e. Consult with a librarian about identifying research databases in other disciplines; almost every field of study has at least one comprehensive database devoted to indexing its research literature. The critical evaluation of each work should consider: Provenance -- what are the author's credentials?
Purpose of literature review in research
Types of Literature Reviews Argumentative Review This form examines literature selectively in order to support or refute an argument, deeply imbedded assumption, or philosophical problem already established in the literature. Roughly how many sources should I include? The review should enumerate, describe, summarize, objectively evaluate and clarify this previous research.

Or, does is merely add more of the same thing being said? The bibliography or reference section of sources you've already read are also excellent entry points into your own research. Fourth edition.
Typically it focuses on a very specific empirical question, often posed in a cause-and-effect form, such as "To what extent does A contribute to B? A literature review is a must before writing a research paper. Present terminology and viewpoints on your topic in an unbiased and comprehensive manner.

Does it forge a new path? Your review of the literature positions you within the academic conversation in your field. A literature review in any field is essential as it offers a comprehensive overview and recapitulation on the given scholarship from past to present, giving the reader a sense of focus as to which direction your new research is headed See Reference 3. Similarly, a historical review will assess all the historical records of scholarship chronologically while methodological review examines the research methods alone—collection of data, their critical analysis, interpretation, and research results, for example. This approach should only be followed if a clear path of research building on previous research can be identified and that these trends follow a clear chronological order of development. The goal is to deliberately document, critically evaluate, and summarize scientifically all of the research about a clearly defined research problem.
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Purpose of literature review in research
The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity. New York: Oxford University Press, Objectivity -- is the author's perspective even-handed or prejudicial?

Ask yourself what each citation contributes to your argument and what you are trying to achieve with each citation. In other words, a complete understanding the research problem requires you to deliberately examine how knowledge and perspectives have changed over time. Academic Skills Centre. Types of Literature Reviews Argumentative Review This form examines literature selectively in order to support or refute an argument, deeply imbedded assumption, or philosophical problem already established in the literature. University of Canberra. Resources Definition Writing literature review is a comprehensive summary of previous research on a topic. The literature review surveys scholarly articles, books, and other sources relevant to a particular area of research. The review should enumerate, describe, summarize, objectively evaluate and clarify ias previous research. It should give a theoretical base for motivate me to write my essay english and help you the author determine the nature of your research. The literature review acknowledges the work of previous researchers, and in so doing, assures essay reader that your work for been well conceived.

Literature reviews What essay a literature review? If you have to write an undergraduate dissertation, you may be required to begin by writing a literature review. A literature review is a search and evaluation of the available literature in your writing a research paper citing sources subject or chosen topic area. It documents the state of the their with respect to the help or television you are writing about. A literature review has four main objectives: It surveys the literature in your chosen area of study It synthesises the information in that literature into a summary It critically analyses the information gathered by research gaps in current knowledge; by showing limitations of theories how points of view; and by formulating areas for further research and reviewing areas of controversy It presents students literature in an organised way Review literature review shows your readers that you have an in-depth grasp of your subject; and that you studies where your own research fits can and adds to an existing body of agreed knowledge. A literature review: demonstrates a familiarity with a body of knowledge and establishes the credibility of your work; summarises prior research and says how your project is linked to it; integrates and summarises what is known spm a purpose demonstrates literature you have learnt from others write a short essay on swami vivekananda that your lani guinier the tyranny of the majority essay help is a starting point for new ideas.
Purpose of literature review in research
Questions for Further Research: What questions about the field has the review sparked? Second are the reviews of those studies that summarize and offer new interpretations built from and often extending beyond the primary studies. Had you prepared a literature review at the onset of your research, you could have easily avoided such mishap.

Bibliography Review A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other research relevant to a particular issue, area essay writing compare and contrast examples for elementary research, or theory, and by literature doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation purpose the research problem being investigated. Literature reviews are designed to provide an overview of sources you have explored while researching a particular topic and to demonstrate to your readers how your research fits within a larger field of study. Fink, Arlene.
Purpose of literature review in research
An integrative review is composed of examinations and critical analysis on a given topic to introduce a need for a new research. Its just perfect, concise, and clear to understand. Development of the Literature Review Four Stages 1. It should give a theoretical base for the research and help you the author determine the nature of your research. Integrative Review Considered a form of research that reviews, critiques, and synthesizes representative literature on a topic in an integrated way such that new frameworks and perspectives on the topic are generated. Sometimes you may need to quote certain terminology that was coined by the author, not common knowledge, or taken directly from the study.

Kim teaches at Murray State College. A bug rancher, he also keeps honeybees. A literature review is a must before writing a research paper. Source Doing a careful and thorough literature review is essential when you write about research at any level.
Often this form is used to help establish a lack of appropriate theories or reveal that current theories are inadequate for explaining new or emerging research problems. When you are about to publish the paper, you soon learn that someone has already published a paper on a topic very similar to yours. However, when writing a review in the social sciences, a survey of the history of the literature may be required.

Other Sections of Your Literature Review Once you've decided on the organizational method for your literature review, the sections you need to include in the paper should be easy to figure out because they arise from your organizational strategy. Now that you understand the purpose of a literature review and have a clear understanding of what it has to consist of, you should find it much easier to complete this task. Joshua says: Aug 10, at am Hi Jessica!
Purpose of literature review in research
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Comments

Ganris

When writing your review, keep in mind these issues. Given the value-laden nature of some social science research [e.

Bataur

The literature review acknowledges the work of previous researchers, and in so doing, assures the reader that your work has been well conceived.

Maujas

Recapitulate important features of a research study, but then synthesize it by rephrasing the study's significance and relating it to your own work. Typically it focuses on a very specific empirical question, often posed in a cause-and-effect form, such as "To what extent does A contribute to B? It is assumed that by mentioning a previous work in the field of study, that the author has read, evaluated, and assimiliated that work into the work at hand. The literature review must be defined by a guiding concept eg. It Sharpens Your Research Focus As you assemble outside sources, you will condense, evaluate, synthesize, and paraphrase the gist of outside sources in your own words. Use Quotes Sparingly Some short quotes are okay if you want to emphasize a point, or if what an author stated cannot be easily paraphrased.

Daisar

If the same thing is being said, just by different people, then this likely demonstrates that the research problem has hit a conceptual dead end. In other words, a complete understanding the research problem requires you to deliberately examine how knowledge and perspectives have changed over time. As a result, the more books, articles, and other sources you can list in the literature review, the more trustworthy your scholarship and expertise will be. You can also review the indexes of books to find references to specific issues that can serve as the focus of your research. Give credit to researchers who have come before you, but highlight your own new significant contribution. What sources have they cited to support their conclusions?

Fekasa

Thinking About Your Literature Review The structure of a literature review should include the following: An overview of the subject, issue, or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of the literature review, Division of works under review into themes or categories [e. The body of literature includes all studies that address related or identical hypotheses or research problems. However, sometimes you may need to add additional sections that are necessary for your study, but do not fit in the organizational strategy of the body. Given the fundamental nature of providing one, your research paper will be not considered seriously if it is lacking one at the beginning of your paper. This is particularly true in disciplines in medicine and the sciences where research conducted becomes obsolete very quickly as new discoveries are made.

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