Make sure to include an in-text citation. About In-Text Citation In MLA, in-text citations are inserted in the body of your research paper to briefly document the source of your information. In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses.
If the author's name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the works cited list, such as quotation marks. This allows the reader to spend more time focusing on the content of your project, rather than the sources.
EasyBib Plus can help you determine how to do in-text citations MLA and many other types of references! Corporate Authors Numerous government publications, research reports, and brochures state the name of the organization as the author responsible for publishing it.
When the author is a corporate entity or organization, this information is included in the in-text citation or parenthetical citation MLA. If the full name of the organization or governmental agency is long in length, it is acceptable to abbreviate some words, as long as they are considered common abbreviations. These abbreviations should only be in the references with parentheses.
They should not be used in an in-text citation MLA. Citing Web Pages In Text Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author if known. If the author is not known, use the title as the in-text citation. Your in-text citation should lead your reader to the corresponding entry in the reference list. Below are examples of using in-text citation with web pages. Entire website with author: Parents play an important role in helping children learn techniques for coping with bullying Kraiser.
Reference entry Kraizer, Sherryll. It's right under your nose. He takes the bottle with both twitching hands and tilts it to his lips and gulps down the whiskey in big swallows. Citing non-print or sources from the Internet With more and more scholarly work being posted on the Internet, you may have to cite research you have completed in virtual environments. While many sources on the Internet should not be used for scholarly work reference the OWL's Evaluating Sources of Information resource , some Web sources are perfectly acceptable for research.
When creating in-text citations for electronic, film, or Internet sources, remember that your citation must reference the source in your Works Cited. Sometimes writers are confused with how to craft parenthetical citations for electronic sources because of the absence of page numbers, but often, these sorts of entries do not require a page number in the parenthetical citation. For electronic and Internet sources, follow the following guidelines: Include in the text the first item that appears in the Work Cited entry that corresponds to the citation e.
Unless you must list the Web site name in the signal phrase in order to get the reader to the appropriate entry, do not include URLs in-text. During the shooting of Fitzcarraldo, Herzog and Kinski were often at odds, but their explosive relationship fostered a memorable and influential film.
During the presentation, Jane Yates stated that invention and pre-writing are areas of rhetoric that need more attention.
Klaus Kinski. Filmverlag der Autoren, Yates, Jane. The Purdue OWL is accessed by millions of users every year. In the first example, the writer has chosen not to include the author name in-text; however, two entries from the same author appear in the Works Cited.
Russell, Tony, et al. Multiple citations To cite multiple sources in the same parenthetical reference, separate the citations by a semi-colon:. Time-based media sources When creating in-text citations for media that has a runtime, such as a movie or podcast, include the range of hours, minutes and seconds you plan to reference, like so When a citation is not needed Common sense and ethics should determine your need for documenting sources.
You do not need to give sources for familiar proverbs, well-known quotations or common knowledge. Remember that citing sources is a rhetorical task, and, as such, can vary based on your audience. Citing two books by the same author: Murray states that writing is "a process" that "varies with our thinking style" Write to Learn 6.
Additionally, Murray argues that the purpose of writing is to "carry ideas and information from the mind of one person into the mind of another" A Writer Teaches Writing 3. Additionally, if the author's name is not mentioned in the sentence, you would format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, followed, when appropriate, by page numbers: Visual studies, because it is such a new discipline, may be "too easy" Elkins, "Visual Studies" Multiple Citations To cite multiple sources in the same parenthetical reference, separate the citations by a semi-colon:.
When a Citation Is Not Needed Common sense and ethics should determine your need for documenting sources. You do not need to give sources for familiar proverbs, well-known quotations or common knowledge.
Remember, this is a rhetorical choice, based on audience. If you're writing for an expert audience of a scholarly journal, for example, they'll have different expectations of what constitutes common knowledge.
This means that the author's last name and the page number s from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page. For a source with more than three authors, use the work's bibliographic information as a guide for your citation.
Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. Group as author: American Psychological Association Multiple works: separate each work with semi-colons Research shows that listening to a particular accent improves comprehension of accented speech in general Gass and Varonis ; Thomas For example: Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Miller 12 , others note that the advantages for medical research outweigh this consideration A.
A period follows the name e. Sources With Three or More Authors There are a number of sources written or created by three or more authors. If the title in the Works Cited list is in quotation marks, put quotation marks around the words from the title in the in-text citation. Citing two articles by the same author: Lightenor has argued that computers are not useful tools for small children "Too Soon" 38 , though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does lead to better small motor skill development in a child's second and third year "Hand-Eye Development" See also our page on documenting periodicals in the Works Cited. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks. See also our page on documenting periodicals in the Works Cited.
General Guidelines In MLA style the author's name can be included either in the narrative text of your paper, or in parentheses following the reference to the source. Their training techniques are based on the research described above indicating that comprehension improves with exposure to non-native speech. Readers can locate the article online via the information included above. Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks. Additionally, if the author's name is not mentioned in the sentence, format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, followed, when appropriate, by page numbers: Visual studies, because it is such a new discipline, may be "too easy" Elkins, "Visual Studies" In-text citations for print sources with no known author When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an author name.
Both books provide extensive examples, so it's a good idea to consult them if you want to become even more familiar with MLA guidelines or if you have a particular reference question. Make sure to also include an in-text citation. In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. One website describes these specific dragons King. When another person begins speaking, start a new line with that person's name indentented only half an inch. If you're writing for an expert audience of a scholarly journal, for example, they'll have different expectations of what constitutes common knowledge.